Diego Rivera, the Mexican painter who produced murals on social matters, considered among greatest artists of this century. Born in Guanajuato and trained during the Academy of Fine Arts of San Carlos in Mexico City. Between 1907 and 1921 he researched painting in Europe, mainly in Spain and France, becoming educated about the innovative cubist forms of Pablo Picasso, Renoir Impressionism, Cézanne composition along with other artists of the time. In 1921 he returned to Mexico, where he played a key part in the revival of mural painting initiated by artists and sponsored by the government.
He started to paint great frescoes on the history and the personal problems of his nation within the ceilings and walls of public buildings, inside the belief that art should serve using individuals and be easily available or available. Between 1923 and 1926 the murals inside the cool of the Ministry of Education in Mexico City, but his masterpiece is the fertile territory for the National Class of Agriculture at Chapingo, which represents the biological development of man and his conquest of the nature.
Diego Rivera painted murals within the Palace of Cortez in Cuernavaca, and the Ministry of Health. In 1929 he married Frida Kahlo, considered a representative of the famous painting of the 20th century Mexican introspective. He was among the creators of the Mexican Communist Party. His fame led him to expose and work inside the United States, his work there contained a mural for the Art Institute of Detroit along with a fresh, Man during the Crossroads, responsible for the new RCA Building at Rockefeller Center in New York and damaged soon after its completion since it included, apparently, a portrait of Soviet commander Lenin.
A year later, Rivera played for the Palace of Fine Arts in Mexico. In 1935 he completed considered one of his most ambitious projects: the frescoes for the monumental staircase of the State Palace of Mexico City, with a unique interpretation of the history of his nation, from pre-Columbian occasions to the present. Within the 1940s he painted two large murals during the National Institute of Cardiology as well as a large mural for the Hotel del Prado, Desired Mall, important historic theme. His later works are manufactured natural stone mosaic, like the stage of the university region of Mexico or the Theatre of the Insurgents, both abroad.
Diego Rivera was also prolific in his easel, through a really cheerful and sensual folklore of his nation. Masterful draftsman and colorist great, showed great talent for structuring his works. He left Mexico a large collection of statues of various indigenous societies that settled in his home museum, the Anahuacalli, in Mexico City. As he mentioned, condensing the meaning of his work, his purpose was to link a great past with that which we want it to be a great future of Mexico. He died on November 24, 1957 in Mexico City.